|CAT Bibliometria SPA Bibliometría
With its obvious etymology, the term seems to have originated in French as bibliométrie (Otlet 1934) and to have been coined in English as bibliometrics (Pritchard 1969) from the 1970s onwards.
Bibliometrics is the generic and most commonly used term for the quantitative study of the dissemination and effects of large volumes of publications of any kind. It coexists with a number of terms that broaden or narrow the object of study, including the following: info(r)metrics refers to the study of the dissemination of any type of information, including that which is not formally published; scientometrics is applied to academic publications; cybermetrics refers to information on the Internet, while altmetrics is used to study the impact of publications in an alternative way to mere citation counting, taking advantage of the possibilities offered by both the internet and social networks.
Strictly speaking, this entry deals with scientometrics but, in view that this approach is covered by bibliometrics and that the latter is by far the most widely used term, it will also be the one chosen here.
Bibliometrics is the science that addresses the forms of production, contents, dissemination and effects (mainly in terms of impact) of publications via statistical tools.
The greatest interest of bibliometrics (or scientometrics, when restricted to academic publications) lies in allowing the study of large bibliographic productions with empirical tools, thus achieving systematic portraits of the evolution and state of the art of scientific disciplines in a way that individual researchers could not achieve based solely on their own readings.
The main objects of study of bibliometrics are the diachronic evolution of a field of study, its current trends, thematic and methodological axes, productivity, authorship patterns—whether individual, institutional or national—and impact in terms of citations and visibility on the Internet.
This entry briefly presents bibliometrics as a whole. It dwells in particular on its main objects of study, as well as on its potentialities and limitations, then focuses on its methodological tools—mainly quantitative and statistical—and concludes with a portrait of its application to translation studies until 2019.
|Sara Rovira Esteva, Christian Olalla Soler & Javier Franco Aixelá|
|Rovira-Esteva, Sara; Christian Olalla-Soler & Javier Franco Aixelá. 2022. "Bibliometrics" @ ENTI (Encyclopedia of translation & interpreting). AIETI.|